REFORESTATION AND AGRO FORESTRY GARDENS IN PERU - ALTERNATIVE CARBON
Reforest damaged lands and develop agroforestry gardens in order to restaure the environment and offer populations an alternative income from deforestation.
Located in the north of Peru, in the amazonian forest area, Loreto is facing two major environmental problematics : the illegal wood deforestation (78 % to 88 % of the wood collected in this area should be illegal) and deforestation for agrarian agriculture (3% of the land is already deforested based on a 0,2% basis a year).
The migrating population that came to colonise the area mainly comes from the Sierra and imported its agricultural technics, processing by destroying the forest using cutting/burning/seeding/harvesting/resting until the land gets poor. These practices that highly affect ecosystems are linked to the commerce of wook and charcoal (transformed on site Ces pratiques qui affectent fortement les écosystèmes sont couplées au commerce du bois et du charbon (transformé sur place), principales sources de revenus de ces populations.
It aims to reforest 200 ha of deforested lands and to implement agroforestry gardens in the Martin Fray de Porres community, to the direct benefit of ots 350 inhabitants.
The forestry and fruit plantations realised with local species (49 000 trees) aim to restaure natural ressources and give extra revenus to the population to fight against forest predatory activities.
o Rehabilitation of degradated areas
o Fight against erosion and deforestation
o Care of natural ressources (water and land)
o Fight against global warming thanks to carbon confinement and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions
SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL BENEFITS
o Reduction of the fragility thanks to the diversity of agricultural productions
o PLong term exploitations thanks to the teaching of sustainable lands exploitation
o Reducing poverty thanks to the creation of new income sources
French-Peruvian non for profit organisation registered at the APCI (Peruvian Agncy for International Cooperation), registered in Equador at the Ministry of culture, and specialized in developing development projects for native communities.
Created in 2007, Latitud Sur give itself the objective to reinforce the autonomy of indigeneous populations basing its cooperation on an integrated alliance with local organisations to reinforce capacities and durability of realized projects.
ORIGIN OF THE PROJECT
Since 2008, Latitud Sur favours the implementation of agro-forestry systems on degrated lands, based on traditional and modern local herbalist knowledge. Families have cultivated lands mixing fruit trees, medical plants and food plants, based on benefical interactions between species. The project allows to make agricultural activities more sustainable and ameliorate long term ground quality. It is the success of this pilot phase, followed by numerous organisations that push to reinforce the project.
PROJECT START IN 2012
In january 2012, Blachère Illumination, in partnership with GoodPlanet since 2009, wished to support the "Reforestation and agro-forestry gardensin Peru" project, thus allowing to realize all the activities planed on a 3 years basis.
Based on an existing methodology tools, an estimation of the impact of the project in terms of attenuation of climate change will be realized.
This evaluation will concern both greenhouse gas reduction and carbon sequestration thanks to the implementation of the project.